GK Topic for Bank and Other Exams-List of National Parks in India

   

Why should you read this topic?

Assuming that you are preparing for bank recruitment tests, you should realize that there is a section on General Awareness that tests if you are aware of the happening around you. The happening on Economy, Sports, Industry, Trade and Policies. Who would assume that you will be a prospective bank hire without knowing the fundamentals of General Awareness? So, it is high time that you started taking the GK-in-Depth articles, and Daily GK Digest diligently. You are shown the resources, it is on you to utilize them. And, if you are planning to take MBA tests like CAT, FMS, XLRI, NMAT, even then the General Awareness plays a significant role in the Group Activity and interview rounds.

WHAT IS A NATIONAL PARK?

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National park is an area which is strictly reserved for the betterment of the wildlife & biodiversity, and where activities like developmental, forestry, poaching, hunting and grazing on cultivation are not permitted. No person shall, destroy, exploit, or remove any wildlife from a National Park or destroy or damage the habitat or any wild animal or its habitat within a National Park. Their boundaries are well marked and circumscribed.

  • The State Government shall publish a notification specifying the limits of the area which shall be comprised within the National Park and declare that the said area shall be a National Park on and from such date as may be specified in the notification. No alteration of the boundaries of a National Park shall be made except on a resolution passed by the Legislature of the State.

HOW IS IT DIFFERENT FROM WILDLIFE SANCTUARY?

BASIS OF COMPARISON WILDLIFE SANCTUARY NATIONAL PARK
Preserves Animals, birds, insects, reptiles, etc. Flora, fauna, landscape, historic objects, etc.
Objective To make sure that viable population of the wildlife and their habitats are maintained. To protect the natural and historic objects and wildlife of an area.
Restriction Restrictions are less and it is open to public. Highly restricted, random access to people is not allowed.
Official Permission Not required Required
Boundaries Not fixed Fixed by legislation
Human activity Allowed but up to a certain extent. Not allowed at all.

FIRST NATIONAL PARK OF THE WORLD?

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  • In 1872, Yellowstone National Park was established as the United States' first national park, being also the world's first national park.

THE FIRST IN INDIA…….

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  • India's first national park was established in 1936 as Hailey National Park, now known as Jim Corbett National Park, Uttarakhand.

DO YOU KNOW…...

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  • The biggest national park in India is the Hemis National Park, located in Jammu and Kashmir.

WHAT ARE THE NATIONAL PARKS IN INDIA, STATE WISE?

Here is the list of important National Parks from exam point of view as these days, we can see a lot of questions being asked from this topic given the importance of wildlife conservation in today’s world.

Andaman and Nicobar Islands 

  • Campbell Bay National Park
  • Galathea National Park
  • Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park (Wandur National Park)
  • Middle Button Island National Park
  • Mount Harriet National Park
  • North Button Island National Park
  • Rani Jhansi Marine National Park
  • Saddle Peak National Park
  • South Button Island National Park

Andhra Pradesh

  • Papikonda National Park
  • Rajiv Gandhi National Park
  • Sri Venkateswara National Park

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*- Black Buck is the state animal of Andhra Pradesh, Haryana and Punjab

Arunachal Pradesh

  • Namdapha National Park
  • Mouling National Park

Assam

  • Dibru-Saikhowa National Park
  • Kaziranga National Park (One-Horned Rhinoceros) *
  • Manas National Park (Elephants, Indian Rhinoceros) *
  • Nameri National Park
  • Orang National Park

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In the year 1985, Kaziranga National park was declared as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

One-horned rhino found in Kaziranga National Park is the State animal of Assam.

Bihar

  • Valmiki National Park
  • Kanwar Lake Bird Sanctuary
  • Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary

Chhattisgarh

  • Indravati National Park
  • Kanger Ghati National Park (Kanger Valley)
  • Guru Ghasi Das (Sanjay) National Park

Goa

  • Bhagwan Mahavir (Mollem) National Park

Gujarat

  • Vansda National Park
  • Blackbuck National Park, Velavadar
  • Gir National Park (Asiatic Lion)
  • Gulf of Kachchh Marine National Park

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Asiatic Lion is the state animal of Gujarat.

Haryana

  • Kalesar National Park
  • Sultanpur National Park

Himachal Pradesh 

  • Great Himalayan National Park (Snow Leopard, Musk deer) *
  • Pin Valley National Park
  • Inderkilla National Park
  • Khirganga National Park
  • Simbalbara National Park

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Snow leopard is the state animal of Himachal Pradesh.

Jammu and Kashmir

  • Dachigam National Park (Kashmiri Stag)
  • Hemis National Park (Snow Leopard)
  • Kishtwar National Park
  • Salim Ali National Park

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Kashmiri Stag/Hangul is the State Animal.

Jharkhand

  • Betla National Park
  • Dimna National Park
  • Hazaribag National Park

Karnataka

  • Anshi National Park
  • Rajiv Gandhi National Park
  • Bandipur National Park (Elephants)
  • Bannerghatta National Park
  • Kudremukh National Park

Kerala

  • Eravikulam National Park
  • Mathikettan Shola National Park
  • Periyar National Park (Tiger)
  • Silent Valley National Park
  • Anamudi Shola National Park
  • Pambadum Shola National Park

Indian Elephant is the state animal of Jharkhand, Karnataka and Kerala.

Madhya Pradesh

  • Bandhavgarh National Park
  • Mandla Plant Fossil National Park
  • Kanha National Park (Swamp deer or Barhasingha)
  • Madhav National Park
  • Panna National Park (Tiger, Chital, Chinkara, Sloth bear)
  • Pench National Park (Sloth Beer, Leopard, Deer)
  • Sanjay National Park
  • Satpura National Park
  • Van Vihar National Park

Maharashtra

  • Chandoli National Park
  • Gugamal National Park
  • Navegaon National Park
  • Sanjay Gandhi National Park or Borivili National Park
  • Tadoba National Park

Manipur

  • Keibul Lamjao National Park
  • Sirohi National Park

Meghalaya

  • Balphakram National Park
  • Nokrek National Park

Mizoram

  • Murlen National Park
  • Phawngpui Blue Mountain National Park

Nagaland

  • Ntangki National Park

Orissa

  • Bhitarkanika National Park
  • Nandankanan National Park
  • Simlipal National Park

Rajasthan 

  • Darrah National Park
  • Desert National Park
  • Keoladeo National Park (Migratory Birds) *
  • Mount Abu Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Ranthambore National Park
  • Sariska National Park

Sikkim

  • Khangchendzonga National Park*

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Red Panda is the state animal of Sikkim.

Tamil Nadu

  • Mudumalai National Park
  • Mukurthi National Park
  • Indira Gandhi (Annamalai) National Park
  • Guindy National Park (Black Buck)
  • Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park

Tripura

  • Bison (Rajbari) National Park
  • Clouded Leopard National Park

Uttar Pradesh  

  • Dudhwa National Park Swamp Deer, Tiger)

Swamp deer is the State animal of Uttar Pradesh.

Uttarakhand

  • Gangotri National Park
  • Govind Pashu Vihar
  • Jim Corbett National Park (Tigers and Elephants)
  • Nanda Devi National Park*
  • Rajaji National Park
  • Valley of Flowers National Park

West Bengal 

  • Gorumara National Park
  • Buxa National Park
  • Neora Valley National Park
  • Singalila National Park
  • Jaldapara National Park
  • Sundarbans National Park (Bengal Tiger, Crocodile, Gangetic Dolphin) *

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Sunderban is one of the largest reserves for tigers.

(* for UNESCO World Heritage Site designation)

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Read 194 times Last modified on Thursday, 23 August 2018 17:34
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