**About eLitmus:**

eLitmus is India’s largest assessment and recruitment company for entry-level engineers and it was founded in the year 2005. eLitmus is a 2-hours pen-paper based exam. You'll get 3 sections - Quantitative Aptitude, Verbal Ability and Logical Reasoning with 20 questions from each section. It has negative marking too (one-third of the marks deducted for every wrong answer).

**eLitmus Logical Reasoning Syllabus:**

In this section, you will find questions of data sufficiency, data interpretation, logical reasoning and cryptarithmetic. Data sufficiency consists 4 questions, cryptarithmetic consists of 4 questions and rest 12 questions could come from data interpretation and logical reasoning sets.

**Practice Questions for eLitmus on Logical Reasoning:**

**1.Flowcharts**

Study the following table and answer the questions based on it.

**Expenditures of a Company (in Lakh Rupees) per Annum Over the given Years.**

Year | Item of Expenditure | ||||

Salary | Fuel and Transport | Bonus | Interest on Loans | Taxes | |

1999 | 300 | 105 | 3.62 | 34.4 | 91 |

2000 | 352 | 120 | 2.52 | 42.5 | 115 |

2001 | 391 | 125 | 3.84 | 51.6 | 65 |

2002 | 408 | 146 | 3.68 | 46.4 | 85 |

2003 | 445 | 154 | 4.96 | 59.4 | 78 |

**1. What is the average amount of interest per year which the company had to pay during this period?**

A.Rs. 51.86 lakhs

B.Rs. 43.55 lakhs

C.Rs. 46.86 lakhs

D.Rs. 36.66 lakhs

**Ans: C**

**Explanation:**

The average amount of interest paid by the Company during the given period

=Rs. [(34.4+42.5+51.6+46.4+59.4)/5] lakhs

=Rs. [234.3/5] lakhs

=Rs. 46.86 lakhs

**2. The total expenditure on all the given items in 2000 was approximately what percent of the total expenditure in 2003?**

A.67%

B.85%

C.78%

D.91%

**Ans: B**

**Explanation:**

Required percentage =[(352+120+2.52+42.5+115/445+154+4.96+59.4+78)100]%

=[(633.02/741.36)*100]%

=85% approximately

**3. The total amount of bonus paid by the company during the given period is approximately what percent of the total amount of salary ****paid during this period?**

A.1.25%

B.0.05%

C.1%

D.0.98%

**Ans: D**

**Explanation:**

Required percentage=[(3.62+2.52+3.84+3.68+4.96/1896)*100]%

=[(18.62/1896)*100]%

=0.98%

**4. What is average of the taxes paid by the company?**

A.Rs. 86.8 lakhs

B.Rs. 97.9 lakhs

C.Rs. 74.2 lakhs

D.Rs. 80.5 lakhs

**Ans: A**

**Explanation:**

Required = [91+115+65+85+78/5]

= 434/5=Rs. 86.8 lakhs

**5. The total expenditure of the company over these items during the year 2000 is?**

A.Rs. 652.08 lakhs.

B.Rs. 632.02 lakhs.

C.Rs. 648.79 lakhs.

D.Rs. 651.05 lakhs.

**Ans: B**

**Explanation:**

The total expenditure of the Company during 2000

= Rs. (c) lakhs

= Rs. 632.02 lakhs.

**2.Seating Arrangement**

Six friends are sitting in a circle and are facing the center of the circle. C is between B and D.

F is between E and A. B and E are opposite to each other. A is to the immediate right of B.

**1. Who is just left of C?**

A.F

B.B

C.D

D.A

**Ans: C**

**Explanation:**

so, D is just C

**2.who is sitting opposite to D?**

A.C

B.F

C.A

D.B

**Ans: C**

**Explanation:**

so, A is sitting opposite to D

**3. Who is sitting right to F?**

A.E

B.A

C.B

D.F

**Ans: A**

**Explanation:**

so, E is sitting right to F

**3.Bar Charts**

Study the bar chart and answer the question based on it.

Production of Fertilizers by a Company (in 1000 tonnes) Over the Years

**1. What was the percentage decline in the production of fertilizers from 1999 to 2000?**

A.23%

B.28%

C.25%

D.30%

**Ans: A**

**Explanation:**

Required percentage=(50-65)/65 %

=(-15/65)%=-23%

There is a decline of 23% in production from 1999 to 2000.

**2. What was the percentage increase in the production of fertilizers in 2002 compared to that in 1995?**

A.300%

B.320%

C.200%

D.220%

**Ans: D**

**Explanation:**

Required percentage=[(80-25)*100]%=220%

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