World Heritage Sites in India - Part II


Why should you read this topic?

Assuming that you are preparing for bank recruitment tests, you should realize that there is a section on General Awareness that tests if you are aware of the happening around you. The happening on Economy, Sports, Industry, Trade and Policies. Who would assume that you will be a prospective bank hire without knowing the fundamentals of General Awareness? So, it is high time that you started taking the GK-in-Depth articles, and Daily GK Digest diligently. You are shown the resources, it is on you to utilize them. And, if you are planning to take MBA tests like CAT, FMS, XLRI, NMAT, even then the General Awareness plays a significant role in the Group Activity and interview rounds.

Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi, Madhya Pradesh (1989)

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  • This site holds a collection of Buddhist monuments that date back from 200 to 100 BC. However, many believed that the site developed under the rule of Mauryan Empire in the 3rd century BC. Until the 12th century, these sanctuaries serve as active Buddhist religious monuments. You will find a variety of structures in the area including palaces, monasteries, temples and monolithic pillars.

Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka, Madhya Pradesh (2003)

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  • The Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka was inscribed as one of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India in 2003. It was recognized by UNESCO as a repository of rock paintings within sandstone formations expanding up to nearly 2000 hectares of land area. The paintings within these rock shelters are believed to date back to the Mesolithic period. The most interesting part about these paintings is that the 21 villages that surround the area strongly correlate to the subject of these paintings.

Khajuraho Group of Monuments, Madhya Pradesh (1986)

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  • These monuments were attributed to the Chandela dynasty in India. It was recognized by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site as it masterfully combines architecture and sculpture in its art form. There are a total of 85 temples built within this complex but only 22 survived. All of these temples have been around since the 10th century. It was inscribed by UNESCO in 1986 as artistic proof of the Chandela Culture in India.

Ajanta Caves, Maharashtra (1983)

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  • This is another cultural site listed as one of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India. This is a Buddhist cave system that was initially built in the 2nd century BC. The second phase of the cave was built in the 5th century AD. These caves showcase richly decorated paintings and frescoes. There are 31 rock-cut cave monuments found within the site, which are believed to be representative of Buddhist religious art.

Ellora Caves, Maharashtra (1983)

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  • Located in Maharashtra, this site is a blend of religious arts from the Jainism, Buddhism and Hinduism practices. The cave is home to 34 monasteries and temples that were sculpted into the rocks of the basalt cliffs. This site is notable for its reflection of the ancient civilization in India. It was inscribed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site in 1983.

Elephanta Caves, Maharashtra (1987)

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  • This series of sculpted caves are located in Elephanta Island in India. There are two groups of caves on this site: one group consists of five Hindu caves and the other consists of two Buddhist caves. The rock-cut architecture used in both caves date back to the 5th century; however, it remains unknown as to exactly who built them. The group of caves underwent renovation in 1970 and was listed as a World Heritage Site to further aid in its preservation efforts.

Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus – formerly Victoria Terminus, Maharashtra (2004)

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  • This historic railway station is located in Mumbai, India. It is also the headquarters for the Central Railways in India. This station is one of the busiest in the country. The station was designed during the late 19th century by architect Frederick William Stevens. The completion of this project took 10 years and was originally named after Queen and Empress Victoria. It features a Gothic architectural style and was named as a World Heritage Site in 2004.

Sun Temple, Konark, Orissa (1984)

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  • This is another temple complex listed as a cultural site by UNESCO. The temple itself is shaped like a gigantic chariot with details including walls, pillars and carved stone wheels. Majority of the temple is now in ruins. It was also included in the list of the Seven Wonders of India.

Keoladeo National Park, Rajasthan (1985)

This bird sanctuary is a famous attraction in India. It is one of few natural sites listed under UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India that was inscribed in 1985. Every year, there are thousands of birds that flock to the area especially during winter. Meanwhile, it also serves as home to over 230 species of birds. Even before it was declared a World Heritage Site, it is already a protected sanctuary since 1971.

Jantar Mantar, Jaipur (2010)

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  • This site is home to a collection of architectural astronomical instruments, in which the construction was commissioned for by Maharaja Jai Singh II. There are 5 facilities within in total that were built in different locations. The one in Jaipur is the largest and best preserved out of the five facilities. UNESCO described it as an “expression of the astronomical skills and cosmological concepts” during that time.

Great Living Chola Temples, Tamil Nadu (1987)

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  • There are three temples included in this site, all of which were built during the 11th to the 12th centuries. The temples are as follows: Brihadeeswarar Temple in Thanjavur, Airavateshwarar Temple and Brihadeeswarar Temple in Gangakondacholisvaram. All of these temples exemplify the architectural achievements of the Chola culture in India. It also showcases the other art forms they excelled in: bronze casting, painting and sculpture.

Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram, Tamil Nadu (1984)

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  • Carved from a rock, this collection of monuments was founded by the Pallava kings during the 7th to 8th centuries. The most distinctive features of the complex are the temples shaped like chariots, together with the cave sanctuaries and open-air reliefs. Another notable monument in the site is the Temple of Rivage that features thousands of sculptures made to glorify Shiva.

Agra Fort, Uttar Pradesh (1983)

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  • The Agra Fort, also referred to as the Red Fort, is the best example of how the Mughal dynasty flourished in India. It serves as the reminder of that opulent power that the empire held throughout its reign. Thus, it is considered an important cultural monument; in 1983, it was listed as one of the World Heritage Sites in India. The fort is built from red sandstone and surrounded by towers, moats, palaces and mosques. It is located next to the bank of the Yamuna River.

Fatehpur Sikri, Uttar Pradesh (1986)

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  • This is a city in Agra district, which was founded in mid-16th century and served as capital for the Mughal Empire. However, the city was abandoned due to political unrest. After the victories are won, the construction of a new walled city was planned and it took 15 years to undergo planning and construction. It resulted in the construction of royal palaces, mosques, courts, private quarters and many other buildings. For this reason, the site is dubbed as the “City of Victory”.

Where are the others in the list?

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Read 110 times Last modified on Saturday, 06 October 2018 16:26
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